What is Naturalization?
Immigrants from different nations come to the United States in search of better prospects. After many years of maintaining lawful status in the U.S, many foreign nationals choose to adopt this country as their land and opt for citizenship. A foreign citizen can become a U.S citizen by the process of Naturalization. Naturalized citizens can enjoy all the benefits and rights of the U.S like a birthright citizen of the country.
Entry, residence and Physical presence: The applicant must have entered the country lawfully and must have permanent residence in the United States for the past 5 years.
Age criteria: In order to apply for Naturalization, the applicant must be 18 years or older.
Moral character: The applicant must have displayed good moral character throughout their residence in the United States. Though this is a very broad standard, it is safe to say that the courts of the United States find adultery, gambling, alcoholic addiction to be inconsistent with good morals.
Language and basic knowledge of the history and civics of the U.S: The applicant must be able to understand and converse in basic English. Basic knowledge of the history of the United States and the civics of the nation is also required to qualify for Naturalization.
Once you establish the eligibility for the Naturalization process, you can go ahead and start the process.
Application for Naturalization: To begin the naturalization process, you must file Form N-400, with the USCIS along with the supporting documents and the application processing fees.
You will next receive a Notice of Action 1 which is receipt from the USCIS that your application has been received. After processing your application, USCIS will then send a Notice of action 2, which is has an appointment scheduled for your biometrics.
After you attend the biometrics appointment and the application is further processed, you will receive a Notice of Action 3 which has the date for your citizenship interview which includes English and U.S history and civics test.
At the citizenship interview, your basic English skills and your knowledge of the U.S history and Civics will be tested.
You will receive the result of your tests on the same day you take the test. If you have passed your citizenship test and your petition is approved, you will be informed of the date for the Oath Ceremony.
At the Oath ceremony, you need to take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States and you will be given the Certificate of Naturalization, making you a citizen of the United States formally.