1) Can the permanent residents avoid the renewal process?
Answer: Yes, if the applicant has applied and granted U.S. Citizenship by USCIS. This is only possible after the holder has been a legal permanent resident for the past five years or more after which they are eligible to become a U.S. Citizen. U.S. Citizenship is not like holding a green card, once the holder has been given U.S.Citizenship, it is for life which does not require them to renew it.
The holder can apply for Naturalization after five years by filing the N-400 form, Application for naturalization.
2) When to renew a Green card?
Answer: The Green card is valid for a period of ten years from the date of issue. It is safer to apply for either renewal of green card or naturalization before six months of the expiry date of the card, if applied earlier than six months, the application will be rejected by the USCIS. The American law states the holder to have a valid Green card at all times.
3) What are the costs of renewing a Green Card?
Answer: The cost for renewing a Green card is $540 which includes application fee which is $455 and biometrics fees of $85. In special cases where the applicant is not able to afford these fees, he/she can request Form I-912, Request for fee waiver along with Form I-90, Application to replace permanent resident card.
4) What is the duration taken to Renew a Green card?
Answer: It usually takes five to six months for the USCIS to an application for Renew a Green Card. In case of the application containing mistakes it will take longer than six months for the application to be processed.